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Vision Care

Ophthalmologist

Career data updated last on 10/15/2014
Ophthalmologist Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries of the eye. Ophthalmologists perform examinations of the internal and external structures of the eye, order laboratory tests, prescribe medications and treatments, evaluate vision and prescribe corrective lenses such as eyeglasses and contact lenses. Ophthalmologists also perform surgery on the eye.
Salary $126.92/hr - $260,000 annually
Significant Points Physicians are much more likely to work as salaried employees of group medical practices, clinics, or health care networks than in the past.
Specializations Ophthalmologists may choose to specialize in certain conditions of the eye such as glaucoma, corneal diseases and surgery, retinal diseases and surgery, eye disorders of children and neuro-ophthalmology.
Work Environment Ophthalmologists may be self-employed or work with other professionals in group practices. They may be associated with hospitals and other medical centers or with university teaching programs as professors and researchers.
High School Prep Ophthalmologists may be self-employed or work with other professionals in group practices. They may be associated with hospitals and other medical centers or with university teaching programs as professors and researchers.
Academic Requirements Ophthalmologists must earn a baccalaureate degree and then a four-year medical degree from an accredited medical school. A one-year internship in medicine or surgery is followed by a three to four-year period of specialty training, called a residency, in ophthalmology. They are then eligible to take an exam and be certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. Specialization in an advanced area of ophthalmology may require one or more years of fellowship training beyond the residency. For more information about preparing for a medical career see the Physician listing of this guide.

Schools/Organizations

University of Colorado Denver - Anschutz Medical Campus
Doctoral Degree Doctoral

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